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June Birthstone: Alexandrite & Pearl (Full Guide)

Emerald by day, ruby by night”, The June Birthstone - Alexandrite is remarkable for its color-changing property!

Alexandrite Birthstone, which is used in June Birthstone Jewelry, is among the rarest of gems found on the earth. It is known as the June Birthstone and is the precious stone used to celebrate the 45th and 55th wedding anniversaries. It is a group member and is formed from a mix of chromium, aluminum, titanium, iron, and chrysoberyl mineral.

It's a month having three birthstones named pearl, alexandrite, and moonstone. Here Pearl and Alexandrite are in the latest additions for the June month and both gemstones have significant history, although Alexandrite is a relatively new gem. Even, in the last few years, it has gotten a lot more attention. Pearl stones are the best and the most loved gems of all time.

If you want to read about Every month of Birthstones then check our guide on Birthstones and What it means from here. And if you are looking to buy a Birthstone Ring then we would suggest you that you should read our Guide on Birthstone Rings first.

What Is an Alexandrite?

Alexandrite's amazing specialty is "Emerald by day while ruby by night", here it's a gemstone that has a very rare color-change variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. It's an extraordinary gemstone reflecting green or red depending on the light it is observed under, this effect is sometimes referred to as the alexandrite effect.

Alexandrite Meaning & Symbolize

Alexandrite gemstones symbolize prosperity, luck, and intellect. This stone represents who you are and also reflects the difference between the spiritual and physical. It's a new gemstone that was discovered in the 1830s.

What Color is Alexandrite?

This June Birthstone is highly admired because of its ability to switch colors radically. Compared to other gemstones such as diamonds and sapphires, alexandrite is a comparatively new gem in the market, having only been found close to 150 years ago.

Now let's uncover its magic color-changing trick! This gem's color depends on the wavelength of light and the chemical bonds that exist in the gem. Alexandrite displays a bluish-green moss-like color in natural light, but when positioned under incandescent light from a candle or lamp, the color transforms to a warm raspberry hue.

This transformation is referred to as the alexandrite effect. It's a result of chrysoberyl's chemical mixing, a rare oxide mineral, and chromium. The lovely color of alexandrite comes from chromium.

How is an Alexandrite Formed?

The formation of alexandrite is a rare phenomenon while the natural formation of alexandrite is done by aluminum and beryllium combined with elements of iron, titanium, and most importantly, chromium. Chromium generates the color of alexandrite to redirect with the light. In sunlight, alexandrite will illuminate with shades of green but will turn to purple in unnatural light.

History of Alexandrite

The history of the Alexandrite date back to Imperial Russia, as it was first located near the Tokovaya River in the Ural Mountains. Miners who were mining emeralds near the Ural Mountains uncovered it accidentally. As this birthstone was discovered in 1834 on the czar’s birthday and was named Alexandrite II. Alexandrite’s Stone red and green hues matched Russia’s military colors, and it became the official gemstone of Imperial Russia’s Tsardom.

It is one of the rarest gemstones as this quality makes them much more popular in the world of the gemstone. With respect to the prince, the stone was officially named Alexandrite in 1839.

Where is Alexandrite Found?



Currently, there are two chief sources of this June Birthstone Alexandrite Birthstone, Brazil and Sri Lanka (Ceylon). The source of Alexandrite Birthstone in the Ural Mountains has now virtually run out. However, the mines are still working and produce a small number of carats each year.

In the 1990s, Alexandrite gemstones were also discovered in Madagascar, India, Burma, and Zimbabwe. Unfortunately, none of these locations has produced as rich and vivid colors as Russia's original gemstones. Gemstones from these sources have their characteristics: the greyish hues of Ceylon stones and yellow tones in Brazil's gems.

Alexandrite Healing Properties

Alexandrite is a stone having great healing powers, it reacts by changing its color according to the health of the wearer. Alexandrite is thought to enhance blood circulation, cleanse the blood and support blood vessels. It also ultimately affects the spleen and pancreas.

Alexandrite Price

The cost of this beautiful gemstone having a 1carat weight can range up to $15,000 having GIA-graded and for the retails the price can range from $50,000 to $70,000 per carat. Due to its color-changing property, this gemstone is very well-known as this birthstone is more valuable than rubies, emeralds, and sapphires.

Alexandrite Care & Cleaning


Owning something this expensive requires a lot of care that you can’t afford to ignore! It is best to keep June Birthstone Alexandrites away from excessive heat exposure, influencing their color change effect.

Warm, soapy water is consistently safe for cleaning alexandrite. Ultrasonic and steam cleaners are normally safe. Alexandrites gemstones are usually not ministered, although they might have fractures. Fracture-filled gemstones should only be cleansed with warm, soapy water.

Facts About Alexandrite Gemstone 

  • This gemstone is known for its 55th anniversary.

  • Alexandrite ranks 8 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness.

  • This Gemstone has amazing color-changing properties, In daylight or fluorescent light, the gem will seem to be green.

  • It's an expensive gemstone that is also rare to find.

  • Alexandrite is a rare form of the mineral named chrysoberyl.

June Month Birthstone Alternate - Pearl

Pearl is described as pure beauty that has a demure glow, Pearl Birthstone reflects the amazing history full of myth, fantasy, and powerful women. Pearls are the go-to gem for powerful women. They are just so perfect so for any occasion.

What is a Pearl?

Pearl is one of the most beautiful gemstones that is created from living creatures. Mollusks such as oysters and mussels create these precious stones that people have valued and treasured their beauty since ancient times. They are well-known for their rich appearance and glow referring to the stone that produces luster.

Pearl Meaning & Symbolize

Pearl Birthstone holds a great meaning including purity, balance, and wisdom. From ancient times they have remained in one's imagination and sentiments. They are something that features a delicate, glossy, rounded, pale look by becoming a special object that effortlessly steals everyone's heart.

What Color is Pearl?

The color of the pearl is affected by the species of mollusk, as the pearl grew within the thickness of its nacre. Here, the most popular color of pearl stone is white, as they naturally come in a pack of rainbowy colors including gold, pink, blue, black, brown, green, and gray.

How is a Pearl Formed?

Pearls are formed from aquatic oysters and freshwater mussels as a natural defense against an annoyance such as a parasite joining their shell or damage to their fragile body. The oyster or mussel gradually perspires layers of aragonite and conchiolin, materials that also make up its shell.

Pearl can take time from 6 months to several years to form, even a mollusk takes 3 years to get mature age in consideration to produce a pearl.

History of Pearl

It's not right to say who discovered the pearl, as these beautiful stones were first located by ancient peoples exploring the coasts for food. The Egyptians and Romans prized pearls and used them as ornamental items as far back as the 5th Century BC.

During the 16th century, the popularity of this stone was earned by Tudor England the moniker “Pearl Age.” Royals were photographed by modeling pearl jewelry and pearl-encrusted attire.

When the foremost commercial saltwater pearl cultivation appeared in Asia in the earlier 1900s, pearls became more affordable. Cultured pearls have nearly totally replaced genuine pearls on the demand since the 1920s, making this definitive gemstone available to nearly any budget.

Where is Pearl Found?

This amazing magnificence can be found in freshwater ponds and lakes, usually with multiple pearls grown in one oyster. Hereby, china is the leading manufacturer of freshwater cultured Pearl. Refined pearls from the Philippines, Australia, Indonesia, and Myanmar, are grown in the Pinctada Maxima mollusk.

Pearl Healing Properties

They are associated with digestive disorders, heart problems, eye infections, and enhancing the skin. They are mostly used to cure physical illnesses. They have also been utilized to help with fertility and relieve pain during childbirth.

Pearl Price

South sea pearls are costly in price, the cost of 1 pearl having low quality can cost you $20, while moderate quality pearls sell for anywhere between $30 and $50. The finest quality pearl can cost you between $65 and $5,000, or more in specific cases.

Pearl Gemstone rings

Pearl engagement rings and every other Birthstone Rings are something that offers an eye-catchy look with their amazing personality. Add beauty to your life with the undying beauty of the Pearl Engagement Ring.


Pearl rings are the ones that add a pinch of spark to your whole look, this ring is showing the beauty of diamonds and pearl stone placed at the center reflecting elegance.


Something you were in search of, the beauty of Black Diamonds, White Diamonds, and pearls shown in the single ring. It's a beautiful ring that reflects the beautiful meaning connected with them.

Pearl Care & Cleaning

If pearls are visibly stained then you can mix a solution of lukewarm water and mild dish soap, clean by dipping the soft cloth in it, and then wipe the pearl with the cloth. Do not emerge the pearl into the solution as it will weaken the silk thread. hereby, Clean your pearl with a damp cloth only!

Facts About Pearl Gemstone

  1. Pearls are not mined but they come from living creatures.

  2. Pearls are initiated when a small piece of sand gets inside the shell of a mollusk.

  3. The most expensive pearl cost $100 million.

  4. The first pearl dates around to over 7500 years ago.

  5. Pearls formed naturally are rare.

  6. According to history, pearls are associated with mourning.

  7. The most famous pearl is named "La Peregrina"